Toxicological effects of ingested nanocellulose in in vitro intestinal epithelium and in vivo rat models.

Cellulose is widely used as a thickener and filler in foods and drugs. It has been designated “generally regarded as safe” (GRAS). Nanocellulose (NC) has many additional potential applications designed to improve food quality and safety, but has not yet been designated as GRAS.

Here we present results of toxicological studies of ingested NC in physiologically relevant in vitro and in vivo systems. In vitro studies employed a gastrointestinal tract simulator to digest two widely-used forms of NC, nanocellulose fibrils (CNF) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), at 0.75 and 1.5% w/w, in a fasting diet as well as in a standardized food model based on the average American diet. 

CLUS Polyclonal Antibody

ABP58196-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158.00
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from part region of human CLUS protein
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of CLUS from Human, Mouse, Rat. This CLUS antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit serum by affinity-chromatography using the specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from part region of human CLUS protein

CLUS Polyclonal Antibody

ABP58196-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289.00
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from part region of human CLUS protein
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of CLUS from Human, Mouse, Rat. This CLUS antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit serum by affinity-chromatography using the specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from part region of human CLUS protein

CLUS Polyclonal Antibody

ABP58196-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414.00
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from part region of human CLUS protein
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of CLUS from Human, Mouse, Rat. This CLUS antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit serum by affinity-chromatography using the specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from part region of human CLUS protein

CLUS Polyclonal Antibody

ES8926-100ul 100ul
EUR 279.00
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against CLUS from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, WB, ELISA

CLUS Polyclonal Antibody

ES8926-50ul 50ul
EUR 207.00
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against CLUS from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, WB, ELISA

Polyclonal CLUS Antibody

APG02673G 0.1ml
EUR 484.00
Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human CLUS . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:

Anti-CLUS antibody

STJ99644 200 µl
EUR 197.00
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to CLUS.

Neuregulin/Heregulin-1? (NRG-1?/HRG-1?), human recombinant protein

P1054-1 1 mg
EUR 3947.00
Description: Neuregulin (NRG) is a signaling protein for ErbB2/ErbB4 receptor heterodimers on the cardiac muscle cells and plays an important role in heart structure and function through inducing cardiomyocyte differentiation

Haptoglobin, (Phenotype 1-1) Human Plasma

7536-1
EUR 321.00

Angiotensin 1/2 (1-7) amide

A1054-1 1 mg
EUR 96.00
Description: Angiotensin I/II (1-7) amide (H2N-Asp-Arg-Val-Tyr-Ile-His-Pro-amide) is a peptide analog to angiotensin II that is used as a vasopressor in the treatment of certain types of shock and circulatory collapse.

Angiotensin 1/2 (1-8) amide

A1055-1 1 mg
EUR 96.00
Description: The physiologically active peptide angiotensin-2 (angiotensin 1- 8) is yielded from angiotensin-1, a substrate of ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme), by removing a dipeptide.

Endothelin-1 (1-15), amide, human

A1111-1 1 mg
EUR 722.00
Description: Endothelins are 21-amino acid vasoconstricting peptides produced primarily in the endothelium and have a key role in vascular homeostasis.

TAPI-1

2068-1
EUR 398.00

4EGI-1

B2901-1
EUR 142.00

TAPI-1

B4686-1 1 mg
EUR 268.00
Description: TAPI-1 is an inhibitor of tumour necrosis factor with IC50 value of 8.09 ?M [1].TAPI-1 is an inhibitor of TACE/ADAM17 which catalyzes the cleavage of full-length APP to the soluble N-terminal fragment (sAPP?).

C14TKL-1

B5240-1 1 mg
EUR 399.00

?1-MSH

B5427-1 1 mg
EUR 268.00

MMK 1

B5446-1 1 mg
EUR 268.00

CRSP-1

B5452-.1 100 ug
EUR 415.00

Flutax 1

B6986-1 1 mg
EUR 399.00

IDE 1

B7566-1 1 mg
EUR 118.00

Rbin-1

B7823-1 1 mg
EUR 154.00
Description: Rbin-1 is an eukaryotic ribosome assembly inhibitor.All cellular proteins are synthesized by ribosomes, whose biogenesis is a complex multi-step process quickly completed in eukaryotes.

ADWX 1

B5722-.1 100 ug
EUR 583.00
Description: ADWX 1 is a potent and selective inhibitor of KV1.3 channel with IC50 values of 1.89 pM and 0.65 nM for Kv1.3 and Kv1.1, respectively [1].

Purotoxin 1

B5771-.1 100 µg
EUR 380.00

Shz 1

B5772-1 1 mg
EUR 118.00

Psalmotoxin 1

B5796-.1 100 ug
EUR 447.00
Description: IC50: 0.9 nMPsalmotoxin 1 is a potent and selective acid-sensing ion channel 1a (ASIC1a) blocker.Several ASIC subunits described: ASIC1a, ASIC1b, ASIC2a, ASIC2b, and ASIC3 with different kinetics, tissue distribution, and external pH sensitivities.

IDE-1

2193-1
EUR 147.00

PFI-1

2203-1
EUR 115.00

IQ-1

1663-1
EUR 204.00

Shz-1

1915-1
EUR 137.00

1-Azakenpaullone

1944-1
EUR 289.00

StemRegenin 1

1967-1
EUR 147.00

SANT-1

1978-1
EUR 126.00

UK 1

C5006-1 1 mg
EUR 363.00
Description: UK 1, an unusual bis-benzoxazole metabolite isolated from Streptomyces sp. 517-02, is an inhibitor of topoisomerase II (Topo II) and hepatitis C viral replication.

KP372-1

C5053-1 1 mg
EUR 132.00
Description: IC50: 30-60 nM for thyroid cancer cells KP372-1 is a specific Akt inhibitor. The phosphatidylinositol 3' kinase (PI3K)/phosphatase, which is a key regulator of cell proliferation and survival, is mutated or activated in various cancers.

MMP-1 Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Human Recombinant Protein

PROTP03956-1 Regular: 20ug
EUR 317.00
Description: MMP 1 Human Recombinant produced in E.coli is a single, non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 393 amino acids (100-469a.a) and having a molecular mass of 45kDa. MMP 1 is fused to a 23 amino acid His-tag at N-terminus.

IL-1-beta Interleukin-1 betaHuman Recombinant Protein

PROTP01584-1 Regular: 10ug
EUR 317.00
Description: Interleukin-1 beta Human Recombinant produced in E.Coli is a non-glycosylated, Polypeptide chain containing 153 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 17000 Dalton.;The IL-1b is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.

Anti-HO-1 Monoclonal Antibody (HO-1-2)

M00253-1 1mg
EUR 397.00
Description: Mouse Monoclonal HO-1 Antibody (HO-1-2). Validated in Flow Cytometry, IHC, WB and tested in Human, Mouse, Rat.

TASIN-1 hydrochloride

B2088-1
EUR 142.00

1-NM-PP1

B2346-1
EUR 142.00

CDK7-IN-1

B4665-1 1 mg
EUR 358.00

LPA2 antagonist 1

B4726-1 1 mg
EUR 319.00

PACAP 1-27

B5075-1 1 mg
EUR 290.00

Nociceptin (1-7)

B5087-1 1 mg
EUR 399.00

Hemokinin 1 (mouse)

B5127-1 1 mg
EUR 321.00

GIP (1-39)

B5280-1 1 mg
EUR 609.00

JMV 390-1

B5317-1 1 mg
EUR 242.00

Hemokinin 1 (human)

B5318-1 1 mg
EUR 340.00

Echistatin, ?1 isoform

B5391-.1 100 ug
EUR 583.00

HPGDS inhibitor 1

B1046-1 1 mg
EUR 181.00
Description: HPGDS inhibitor 1 is an oral potent and selective inhibitor of hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase (HPGDS) with IC50 value of 0.7nM [1].Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) is a mediator of allergy and inflammation.

Akt-I-1

B1610-1
EUR 185.00

PACAP 1-38

B6625-1 1 mg
EUR 347.00

Sphingosine-1-phosphate

B6707-1 1 mg
EUR 181.00
Description: Sphingosine-1-phosphate is an endogenous second messenger that involved in cell proliferation and survival and is a ligand for S1PR1 [1] [2].

SL 0101-1

B9008-1 1 mg
EUR 163.00

RN-1 (hydrochloride)

C4247-1 1 mg
EUR 112.00
Description: RN-1 (hydrochloride) is a brain-penetrant, potent and irreversible LSD1 inhibitor with IC50 values of 10-70 nM [1]. Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) is a flavin-dependent monoamine oxidase that demethylate mono- and di-methylated lysines, specifically histone 3, lysines 4 and 9.

EZSolution? TAPI-1

2537-1
EUR 381.00

(R)-Perharidine-1

2615-1
EUR 164.00

StemRegenin 1 (hydrochloride)

C3551-1 1 mg
EUR 118.00
Description: IC50: 127 nM in CD34+ cellsStemRegenin 1 is an aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling antagonist.The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR ) is a protein that is encoded by the AHR gene.

Teicoplanin A3-1

C4943-1 1 mg
EUR 326.00
Description: Teicoplanin A3-1, also known as Antibiotic L 17054, is a glycopeptide antibiotic derived from Actinoplanes teichomyceticus and produces a potent broad spectrum antibiotic activity against gram-positive bacteria.

IDO-IN-1

C3211-1 1 mg
EUR 139.00
Description: IC50: 59 nMIDO-IN-1 is an indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitor.

(1-328) RAD51D (1-328 a.a.) Human Recombinant Protein

PROTO75771-1 Regular: 10ug
EUR 317.00
Description: RAD51D (1-328) Human Recombinant produced in E. coli is. a single polypeptide chain containing 351 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 37.4kDa. RAD51D (1-328) is fused to a 23 amino acid His-tag at N-terminus & purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.

XMIR-1 RNA oligo miRNA-1-3p with Xmotif

XMIR-1 10 rxn
EUR 438.00
  • Category: Exosome

AXMIR-1 RNA oligo anti-miRNA-1-3p with Xmotif

AXMIR-1 10 reactions
EUR 438.00
  • Category: Exosome

Human KRAB-associated Protein 1 (KAP-1) AssayMax ELISA Kit

EK2802-1 96 Well Plate
EUR 477.00

Human Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) AssayMax ELISA Kit

EI2200-1 96 Well Plate
EUR 477.00

Human Interleukin-1-alpha (IL-1-alpha) AssayMax ELISA Kit

EI2301-1 96 Well Plate
EUR 477.00

Human Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) AssayMax ELISA Kit

EP1100-1 96 Well Plate
EUR 417.00

Mouse Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) AssayMax ELISA Kit

EMI2200-1 96 Well Plate
EUR 477.00

MCP-1 Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 Mouse Recombinant Protein (CCL2)

PROTP10148-1 Regular: 10ug
EUR 317.00
Description: Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 Mouse Recombinant produced in E.Coli is a single,non-glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 125 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 14 kDa. ;The MCP-1 is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.

MCP-1 Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 Human Recombinant Protein (CCL2)

PROTP13500-1 Regular: 20ug
EUR 317.00
Description: Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-1 Human Recombinant also known as Monocyte Chemotactic and Activating Factor (MCAF) produced in E.Coli is a non-glycosylated, Polypeptide chain containing 76 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 8.6kDa. ;The MCP-1 is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.

GAD1 iso1 Glutamate Decarboxylase 1 Isoform-1 Human Recombinant Protein

PROTQ99259-1 Regular: 20ug
EUR 317.00
Description: GAD1 iso1 Human Recombinant produced in E.Coli is a single, non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 617 amino acids (1-594 a.a) and having a molecular mass of 69.3kDa. GAD1 iso1 is fused to a 23 amino acid His-tag at N-terminus & purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.

Envelope-1, Dengue Virus Subtype 1 Recombinant Protein, Insect Cells

PROTB1PNJ5-1 Regular: 10ug
EUR 317.00
Description: Recombinant Dengue Virus Subtype 1 produced in Insect Cells is a polypeptide chain containing amino acids 281-675 and having a molecular weight of approximately 50kDa. ;Dengue Envelope-1 is purified by proprietary chromatographic technique.

TGF-b-1 Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 Human protein

PROTP01137-1 Regular: 2.5ug
EUR 1157.00
Description: Human Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 purified from Human Platelets having a molecular mass of 25kDa.;The TGF-b 1 is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.

Anti-BOB-1/OBF-1 Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody, Clone#RM378

M04431-1 100uL
EUR 385.00
Description: Anti-BOB-1/OBF-1 Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody, Clone#RM378 tested in WB, IHC, reactive to Human

B-Raf IN 1

B4727-1 1 mg
EUR 118.00

Nociceptin (1-13)NH2

B5102-1 1 mg
EUR 184.00

JIP-1 (153-163)

B5130-1 1 mg
EUR 399.00

Nogo-66 (1-40)

B5247-1 1 mg
EUR 609.00

Orphanin FQ (1-11)

B5497-1 1 mg
EUR 226.00

StemRegenin 1, Free base

2642-1
EUR 131.00

Anti-PARP-1 Antibody

A00122-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal PARP-1 Antibody. Validated in ELISA, IP, IF, WB and tested in Human, Mouse.

Anti-Presenilin 1 Antibody

A00138-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for Presenilin 1 Antibody (PSEN1) detection. Tested with WB, IHC in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-PAI-1 Antibody

A00637-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for PAI-1 Antibody (SERPINE1) detection.tested for WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-Flk-1 Antibody

A00901-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for Flk-1 Antibody (KDR) detection.tested for WB in Human, Mouse.

Anti-EDG-1 Antibody

A01502-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for EDG-1 Antibody (S1PR1) detection.tested for WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-ROBO-1 Antibody

A01530-1 100ug
EUR 455.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal ROBO-1 Antibody. Validated in IF, IHC, WB and tested in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-Bag-1 Antibody

A02423-1 50 ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Bag-1 Antibody. Validated in IP, IHC and tested in Bovine, Canine, Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-TUB 1 Antibody

A02917-1 100ug/vial
EUR 294.00

Anti-Dok-1 Antibody

A03039-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for Dok-1 Antibody (DOK1) detection.tested for WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-TFIIIB90-1 Antibody

A03761-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for TFIIIB90-1 Antibody (BRF1) detection.tested for WB in Human, Mouse.

Anti-Atrophin-1 Antibody

A03828-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for Atrophin-1 Antibody (ATN1) detection. Tested with WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-CNG-1 Antibody

A05494-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for CNG-1 Antibody (CNGA1) detection. Tested with WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-Periphilin 1 Antibody

A06996-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for Periphilin 1 Antibody (PPHLN1) detection.tested for WB in Human, Mouse.

Anti-Lyl-1 Antibody

A07491-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Lyl-1 Antibody. Validated in IHC and tested in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-GLI-1 Antibody

A07972-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for GLI-1 Antibody (ACSS1) detection. Tested with WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-Cerebellin 1 Antibody

A09176-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for Cerebellin 1 Antibody (CBLN1) detection. Tested with WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

Anti-DOC-1 Antibody

A09467-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for DOC-1 Antibody (CDK2AP1) detection. Tested with WB in Human, Mouse.

Beta-Amyloid (1-11)

A1002-1 1 mg
EUR 102.00
Description: Beta-amyloid (1-11) (Abeta or A?) (C56H76N16O22) is a peptide with the sequence H-{Asp}{Ala}{Glu}{Phe}{Arg}{His}{Asp}{Ser}{Gly}{Tyr}{Glu}-OH,which is processed from the Amyloid precursor protein.

Amyloid ?-Protein (1-15)

A1003-1 1 mg
EUR 113.00
Description: Beta-amyloid protein (A beta), a 39-43 amino acid peptide composed of a portion of the transmembrane domain and the extracellular domain of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), is also the principal component of amyloid.

ANP (1-11), rat

A1009-1 1 mg
EUR 84.00
Description: Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) (C49H84N20O15S) has the sequence of H-Ser-Leu-Arg-Arg-Ser-Ser-Cys-Phe-Gly-Gly-Arg-OH, is a 28 amino acid peptide that is synthesized, stored, and released by atrial myocytes in response to atrial distension, endothelin, and sympathetic stimulation.

alpha-1 antitrypsin fragment

A1051-1 1 mg
EUR 108.00
Description: Alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) (H2N-Leu-Gln-His-Leu-Glu-Asn-Glu-Leu-Thr-His-Asp-Ile-Ile-Thr-Lys-OH), which is known as serum trypsin inhibitor, is a protease inhibitor belonging to the serpin superfamily.

Anti-NPDC-1 Antibody

A12846-1 100ul
EUR 397.00
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for NPDC-1 Antibody (NPDC1) detection. Tested with WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

dNTP Mix (1 ml)

9002-1
EUR 153.00

BNP (1-32), human

A1105-1 1 mg
EUR 177.00
Description: Basic natriuretic peptide (BNP), now known as B-type natriuretic peptide (also BNP) or GC-B, is a 32 amino acid polypeptide secreted by the ventricles of the heart in response to excessive stretching of heart muscle cells (cardiomyocytes).

R-1 Methanandamide Phosphate

C3352-1 1 mg
EUR 126.00
Description: R-1 Methanandamide Phosphate,a water soluble prodrug analog of AEA, exhibited similar activity to that of AEA in the growth inhibition of C6 glioma cells[1]. Arachidonoyl ethanolamide (AEA) was the first endogenous cannabinoid (CB).

Ginkgolic Acid C15:1

C3421-1 1 mg
EUR 118.00
Description: Ginkgolic acid is an alkylphenol derivative that causes allergic skin inflammation. IC50 values of ginkgolic acid against the SUMOylation of RanGAP1-C2 are 3.0 ?M. Ginkgolic Acid, a Major Component of Ginkgo biloba Extract, inhibited SUMOylation in vitro and in vivo [1].

IGF-1, human recombinant

P1016-.1 100 µg
EUR 763.00
Description: Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1) is a polypeptide endocrine hormone structurally similar to insulin and is mainly produced in the liver when stimulated by growth hormone. IGF-1 is a growth factor that stimulates the proliferation of various cell types including muscle, bone, and cartilage tissue

Individual Reaction Mix 1

G065-1 200 reactions
EUR 167.00

Relaxed pHOT-1 DNA

TG2035-1 25 ug
EUR 246.00

Supercoiled pHOT-1 DNA

TG2030-1 25 ug
EUR 246.00

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